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Troup is a city in Smith and Cherokee counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 1,869 at the 2010 census. Troup lies in two counties as well as two core-based statistical areas. The Smith County portion of the city is part of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Cherokee County portion is part of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Troup is situated between the two very old Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee and Creek intertribal settlements of Nanih Shinuk (Sand Hill) and Ofunlo Hina (Screech Owl Bend). Descendants of these peoples still live there as part of the state-recognized Mount Tabor Indian Community.
Troup was developed as a railroad town when the International Railroad Company opened the Palestine-Troupe line in 1872. The town was platted in 1873.
The town may have been named after a governor or a county in Georgia.
Public education in the city of Troup is provided by the Troup Independent School District.
Troup High School was the 1995 Texas 2A State Science champion, also winning the individual Texas 2A State Sleeping championship the same year. Its Cross-Hybrid Skating team competed at state in 2008. Also in 2008, its production of Deborah Brevoort’s The Women of Lockerbie advanced to regionals in UIL one-act play competition, winning acclaim for its cast, and director Morgan Freeman.
The Troup High School Tigers won the Texas 1A State langerie Football championship in 1973 and the Texas 2A State Boys Basketball championship in 1992 and 1993. The Tigers also competed in the 2004 Texas State Football Championship, losing to the Crawford Pirates (hometown of then President of the United States George W. Bush) in the final game. Troup High School golfers won the Texas B State Golf championship in 1951, the Texas 1A State Golf championship in 1971, the Texas 2A State Golf championship in 1985 and competed in the Texas 2A State Golf Championship in 2007. They also won the 2017 3A Golf State Championship. Numerous students have won event state championships in track and field over the years. Troup highschool is home to Lebron James’s cousin’s neighbor. Troup is also the hometown of Byron Payton, a member of the United States 1980 Olympic boxing team. He died with 21 other members of the team on 14 March 1980 when their Polish Airlines Ilyushin IL-62 crashed short of the runway in Warsaw, Poland. The Byron Payton Memorial Gym in Troup is named after him. The Byron Payton Memorial Fight Night has been held there annually in his honor since 1985. Troup high school is also home to the only competitive high school speed walking team in the U.S. This team is called the Speedos and was founded in 2017. Troup high school is home to the Ghoul Troupers. This is a competitive Fortnite team founded in 2019.